Free printable Jewish calendar 2023, 2024, and 2025. We also offer a free photo calendar with 1, 2, or 3 photos.
Jewish Calendar 2023
Jewish calendar 5783
Jewish calendar 5784
Jewish calendar 5785
With our free photo calendar maker, you can make a Jewish holiday calendar 2023, 2024, and 2025 with 1, 2, or 3 photos on each page.
You can either add generic photos to your calendar or you can connect them to a specific month. For example, during the month of Purim, you can add a photo of your child’s Purim costume. During the month of Shavuot (the festival of the first harvest), you can add a photo of your child with their basket of Bikkurim. During the month of Lag Baomer, add a photo from the bonfire. In November, when there are no Jewish holidays, then just add any photo you want.
If you would like to include the Hebrew months in Hebrew as well, then see the Hebrew calendar 2023 / 2024 for a version in English and Hebrew.
What is the Jewish calendar?
The Jewish calendar is used to determine the dates of the Jewish holidays, the Torah portions, Jewish memorial dates for the death of a relative, etc.
It is a lunisolar calendar based on lunar months of 29 days alternating with 30 days. Why does it alternate? Because it takes approximately 29½ days for the moon to make one complete revolution around the earth. If it did not alternate between 29 and 30 days, a new month would start in the middle of the day. Alternating between months with 29 days and 30 days prevents this.
The lunar year is about 11 days shorter than the solar year. Therefore, an additional month is added every 2-3 years to balance the difference between the lunar year of 12 lunar months and the solar year.
According to the Hebrew calendar, the Jewish day starts at sunset rather than midnight. Therefore, Jewish holidays begin at sunset the day before the date on the calendar.
The start of the new month is called Rosh Hodesh (which literally means head of the month) in honor of the month that is starting. The Torah mandates that we celebrate Rosh Chodesh (Numbers 28:11-15). Rosh Hodesh is celebrated every month, except for the month of Tishrei (the Rosh Hodesh celebration for the month of Tishrei is replaced by Rosh Hashanah). The first day of the month and the day after the 29th day of the month are always Rosh Chodesh.
Rosh Hodesh is either a 1 day observance or a 2 day observance (based on how many days were in the prior month). For example, when a month has 29 days, the day after the 29th day of the month and the first day of the following month are the same day. Therefore, Rosh Hodesh for the new month, is only one day. However, when a month has 30 days, the day after the 29th day of the month is the 30th day of the month. Therefore, Rosh Hodesh for the new month is two days (i.e. the 30th day of the month that is ending and the first day of the new month that is starting).
Do you also have a Hebrew calendar?
Yes, see the Hebrew calendar.
When does the Jewish year start?
The Jewish calendar year starts on Rosh Hashana (the Jewish New Year). This usually falls around September or October but it is determined by the Jewish / Hebrew calendar so the date on the Gregorian calendar usually changes each year.
What is the first month of the Jewish calendar?
Tishrei is the first month of the Jewish year. The first day of Tishrei begins with a period of repentance. There are many Jewish holidays in Tishrei.
The first two holidays are known as the High Holy Days. The first ten days of Tishrei are known as the Ten Days of Repentance.
- Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year) falls on the first day of Tishrei. The Jewish New Year starts a period of repentance and prayer which lasts 10 days and ends on Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement). Traditional, honey and sweet food are eaten to symbolize a sweet year ahead. Pomegranates are also typically eaten on Rosh Hashanah. Pomegranates are said to have exactly 613 seeds symbolizing the 613 commandments of the Torah. The shofar is also sounded.
- Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement) is the day when people are judged for their behavior the previous year. During this day, people fast and pray.
- Sukkot (The Feast of Tabernacles) this holiday is in remembrance of the journey that the Jews took from ancient Egypt to the Promised Land during which they lived in temporary houses (Sukkot).
- Shemini Atzeret — This holiday occurs on the 8th day of Sukkot.
- Simchat Torah — Rejoicing in the Torah.
How many months are in the Jewish calendar?
There are 12 months in the Jewish calendar. The Jewish months are Tishri, Heshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, Adar, Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, and Elul.
In a leap year, there are 13 Jewish calendar months and Adar is replaced by Adar I (called Adar Aleph) and Adar II (called Adar Bet).
How many days in each month?
Tishrei – 30 days
Heshvan – 29 or 30 days
Kislev – 29 or 30 days
Tevet – 29 days
Shevat – 30 days
Adar – 29 days (Adar I) or 30 days (Adar II in a leap year)
Nisan – 30 days
Iyyar – 29 days
Sivan – 30 days
Tammuz – 29 days
Av – 30 days
Elul – 29 days
What year is it in the Jewish calendar?
5783 – The eve of the 25th of September 2022 until the 15th of September 2023
5784 – The eve of the 15th of September 2023 until the 2nd of October 2024
5785 – The eve of the 2nd of October 2024 until the 22nd of October 2025
The printable calendar can help you work out what Jewish year it is in any given month.
When did the Jewish calendar start?
The starting point of Hebrew chronology is the year 3761 BC. This is the date that the world was created according to the Old Testament.
Here is a list of the Jewish holidays along with the corresponding Hebrew month in which they typically fall:
Rosh Hashanah (The Jewish New Year, a time for reflection and renewal) – Tishrei (7th month) – typically falls in September/October
Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement, a solemn day of fasting and repentance) – Tishrei (7th month) – typically falls in September/October
Sukkot (The Feast of Tabernacles, a joyous harvest festival celebrated in temporary outdoor shelters) – Tishrei (7th month) – typically falls in September/October
Simchat Torah (The rejoicing of the Torah, marking the completion and restarting of the annual Torah reading cycle) – Tishrei (7th month) – typically falls in September/October
Chanukah (The Festival of Lights, commemorating the miracle of the oil in the rededication of the Temple) – Kislev (9th month) – typically falls in November/December
Tu B’Shevat (The New Year for Trees, celebrating the ecological significance of trees and nature) – Shevat (11th month) – typically falls in January/February
Purim (A festive holiday recalling the salvation of the Jewish people from a plot to destroy them) – Adar (12th month) – typically falls in February/March
Passover (Pesach) (The commemoration of the Exodus from Egypt, focusing on freedom and liberation) – Nisan (1st month) – typically falls in March/April
Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day) (Holocaust Remembrance Day, honoring the memory of the victims of the Holocaust) – Nisan (1st month) – typically falls in April/May
Yom Hazikaron (Memorial Day) (Memorial Day, a day to remember and honor fallen soldiers and victims of terrorism in Israel) – Iyyar (2nd month) – typically falls in April/May
Yom Ha’atzmaut (Israel Independence Day, celebrating the establishment of the State of Israel) – Iyyar (2nd month) – typically falls in April/May
Lag BaOmer (A day of celebration and bonfires, associated with the life of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai) – Iyyar (2nd month) – typically falls in April/May
Shavuot (The Festival of Weeks, commemorating the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai) – Sivan (3rd month) – typically falls in May/June
Tisha B’Av (A day of mourning and fasting, remembering the destruction of the Temples and other tragedies) – Av (5th month) – typically falls in July/August
Rosh Chodesh (The celebration of the New Moon, marking the beginning of each Hebrew month) – Varies each month
Please note that the Hebrew calendar is a lunar calendar, so the dates of the holidays can vary slightly from year to year in relation to the Gregorian calendar. It’s always a good idea to consult a Hebrew calendar for the exact dates of these holidays in a specific year.
Does the printable calendar include Jewish holidays?
Yes, the Jewish holiday calendar includes major Jewish holidays and some smaller holidays as well.
When are the Jewish holidays in 2023?
The Jewish holidays in 2023 are all listed in the calendar above. You can either print the entire year (as a PDF or Word file) or a specific month that interests you. For example, if you want to see the Jewish holidays in September 2023 (the High holidays) then print September 2023 only.